EXPERIANCED TEAM OF PML-N Yet-to-be-developed gas turbines being acquired for power plant!!!

MHAMZA

Minister (2k+ posts)


LAHORE: The government of Punjab is purchasing for its 1,200MW regasified liquefied natural gas (RLNG) plant at Bhikki gas turbines which neither exist nor are field-tested or have proven efficiency levels.
The machines are yet to be designed and developed by the manufacturer.

Experts are of the opinion that in such circumstances the entire calculations about plant efficiency, tariff determination, EPC (engineering, procurement and construction) cost and its ranking against other machines become suspect. “It is tantamount to turning Pakistan into a test lab for these new machines,” they insist.
Work on the project was formally opened by the prime minister last week.


The government concedes the risk, but defends its decision and says it has chosen a globally reputed manufacturer and has sought from it additional guarantees and warranties to mitigate the inherent risk involved in new technologies.
Critics are not convinced because the manufacturer has quoted “unprecedented efficiency levels in order to win the order for machines that are becoming hard to sell around the world and, the Punjab government, for whatever reasons, has accepted the manufacturer’s data at its face value and would run the risk of its calculations falling apart subsequently”.

“The mere definition of proven technology, as quoted in the bidding document, makes the entire process doubtful,” explains a former official of Wapda’s Central Contract Cell.
The document says the manufacturer should have “eight units firm orders, of which three shall be shipped in 2016 or earlier”.

Where this magic figure of eight orders came from or, similarly, three units to be shipped in 2016, or earlier? Don’t both these conditions sound like tailored for a particular manufacture? If they do, they render the entire process “collusionary and illusionary”. Collusionary for the reasons of being tailored to the requirements of one bidder and illusionary because unprecedented and unverified efficiency data has been accepted and used for all subsequent calculations to award the orders, he insists.

A detailed questionnaire has been sent to the Quaid-i-Azam Thermal Power (QATP), builder of the Bhikki plant, highlighting all these issues, but it is only content to reproduce the manufacturer’s data in support of its decision. When pressed with counter-questions seeking precise answers rather than data, it refused to respond.
Musadaik Malik, spokesman for the prime minister, was more forthcoming: “The 9HA.01 is new technology and such new ventures always involve some kind of risk. These objections were raised during the bidding process as well, and the competitor bidders were called in to contradict efficiency claims of this particular manufacturer, but they failed.”

He said the choice before the government was clear: either go for new technology which was more efficient and cheap or opt for proven one with high price. The government decided for the former.
“As an additional measure, the government also checked with eight prospective buyers through its embassies and all of them confirmed the orders,” Mr Malik claimed.
But the critics refuse to relent. Why competitive bidders should be involved in proving or contradicting one of the manufacturers’ efficiency and generation claims, wonders NTDC’s former general manager who was involved in the earlier procurement process.

Independent labs have been developed around the world for this purpose. Why not go to them? The manufacturer or purchaser could not go to them because the machines don’t exist. They are cheap because of risk premium.
The manufacturer has to install them somewhere in the world to develop its market share and the purchaser (Punjab in this case) has taken the risk. It is not only the technology, but the EPC contractors selection was also a matter of controversy. The bidding document did not seek “operational experience” of the contractor.

A contractor might have built a plant, but whether it is running to the satisfaction of the builder or not? After all, the Nandipur plant is all built, but not generating anything. It only doubled the risk; untested technology, with inexperienced contractor, the former NTDC general manager said.
On its part, the QATP thinks that it does not need operational experience of the EPC contractor.

Published in Dawn, October 20th, 2015
 
Advertisement
Last edited by a moderator:

MHAMZA

Minister (2k+ posts)
Seems to be another NANDIPUR like project in the making ... NANDIPUR 2 for the people of PAKISTAN
 

آزاد خیال

MPA (400+ posts)
سٹیل اور سریے کے کاروبار کے بعد قوم گنج کو توانائی کا نیا کاروبار مل گیا ہے ، شروع میں اس پر ہاتھ صاف کریں گے اور سکینڈل بنے گے .....کچھ عرصے بعد مکھن سے بال کی طرح کرپشن کریں گے اس میں ..جیسے اب سٹیل اور سریے میں کر رہے ہے
 

MHAMZA

Minister (2k+ posts)
















[h=4]397 - 510[/h] MW Output












[h=2]World's Largest, Most Efficient Heavy-Duty Gas Turbine in Its Class[/h]
The 9HA high-efficiency, air-cooled gas turbine leads the industry. Its flexible conversion of fuel to electricity helps you meet increasingly dynamic power demands, cost-effectively.

  • Achieves greater than 61 percent net combined-cycle efficiency
  • Serves a broad power range with two sizes: 397 and 510 megawatt (MW) simple cycle
  • Delivers lowest lifecycle cost per MW thanks to a simplified air-cooled architecture combined with advanced materials and proven operability and reliability
  • Reaches turndown as low as 40 percent of gas turbine baseload output within emissions compliance while accommodating wide natural gas fuel composition variance





[h=4]220,000[/h] H-class operating hours



[h=3]Industry-Leading Operational Flexibility for Increased Dispatch and Ancillary Revenue[/h]
  • Fast 10-minute ramp-up from start command to gas turbine full load
  • Up to 70 MW/minute ramping capability within emissions compliance
  • Low turndown to 40 percent of baseload output in simple cycle configuration
  • Fuel flexibility to use gas and liquid fuels with wide gas variability including high ethane (shale) gas and liquefied natural gas

[h=3]Full-Load Validation—We Run Harder than You Ever Will[/h] At the heart of GE’s heavy-duty gas turbine validation program is the advanced full-scale, full-load test facility in Greenville, South Carolina. This state-of-the-art test stand enables us to proactively validate the 9HA gas turbine over an operating envelope larger than the variances an entire fleet of turbines would experience in the field, making this validation approach superior to operating a field prototype for 8,000 hours.

[h=3]Explore the HA's Modular Gas Turbine Enclosure[/h]
GE’s HA gas turbine auxiliary systems are pre-configured, factory assembled and tested modules engineered to reduce field connections, piping, and valves. This translates to a simpler installation that reduces field schedule and installation quality risks while improving overall installation times—up to 25% quicker compared to GE F-class gas turbine enclosures.
Explore the HA's Modular Enclosure









- See more at: https://powergen.gepower.com/plan-b...nes/9ha-gas-turbine.html#sthash.HpkUroOw.dpuf
 

MHAMZA

Minister (2k+ posts)
In an effort to avoid blackouts and meet the power needs of nearly 190 million people, the Punjab government is working to provide more affordable, reliable power as quickly as possible. To help reduce the estimated 5 gigawatt (GW) energy shortfall, GE (NYSE:GE) will provide two high efficiency 9HA.01 gas turbines and associated equipment, in its first such order in the Middle East and North Africa region, to Harbin Electric, a longtime business associate, for the new 1.1 GW Bhikki combined cycle power plant. Harbin will handle engineering, procurement and construction of the plant.
The Bhikki plant will generate the equivalent power needed to supply more than six million Pakistani homes, and is likely to be the largest, most efficient power plant in Pakistan. It is expected to enter commercial operation in 2017. This project marks the first HA orders in the Middle East and North Africa Region and the 20th and 21st worldwide.
“We are committed to meeting the growing demand for power to drive industrial growth and all-round economic progress as well as to promote the welfare of our people,” says Ahad Khan Cheema CEO – Quaid-e-Azam Thermal Power Limited, on behalf of the Government of Punjab. “As part of this, we are not only investing in new plants but also strengthening public-private collaboration to ensure that advanced technologies are deployed to meet the growing demand. GE and Harbin are moving forward with an accelerated timeframe to add additional power to the grid.”
“The Bhikki combined cycle plant is a strong example of technical collaboration between GE and Harbin in providing the most advanced combined cycle power plant solutions,” said Mr. Guo Yu, Chairman of HEI. “Deploying GE’s advanced HA technology is a game changer for the industry as it supports the government’s goal to ensure affordable, reliable and efficient power generation to meet growing demand.”
Mohammed Mohaisen, President & CEO, GE Power Generation Products Middle East and North Africa, added: “The 9HA gas turbine is an industry game changer bringing significant enhancements in productivity and efficiency. Providing the first 9HA heavy duty gas turbines in the MENA region to the Bhikki plant in Pakistan demonstrates our keenness to deliver the best-in-class solution for supporting the country in meeting its energy requirements using the most efficient technology available today.”
Sarim Sheikh, President and CEO of GE Pakistan, explained: “As a committed partner in the all-round progress and development of Pakistan, we understand how mission-critical it is to bring the latest technologies. Addressing the shortage of electricity is imperative to boost the industrial infrastructure of the country and to promote the well-being of the people. Through our technology collaboration for Bhikki, we are confident of setting a new industry benchmark in the country’s power sector.”
With the Bhikki plant, 21 HA units have been ordered and 68 HA units have been technically selected* by customers around the world. GE’s H-class technology has been embraced by customers in Korea, Japan, the United Kingdom, Brazil, the United States, France, Russia, Germany, Turkey, Egypt, Pakistan and Argentina.
GE’s HA gas turbines provide a combination of the most output, highest efficiency and best operational flexibility, and lead the industry in total lifecycle value. The 9HA.01 offers a net combined-cycle efficiency of more than 61 percent and leads the industry with cleaner, reliable and cost-effective conversion of fuel to electricity.
The 9HA gas turbine completed off grid, full speed, full load validation testing in January 2015 at the world’s largest, most thorough gas turbine test stand located at GE’s manufacturing facility in Greenville, SC, USA. This testing facility has attracted industry visitors from around the world.
Among key agreements in the country, GE has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the government to develop Pakistan’s energy resources to meet the projected demand of 54,000 megawatts by the year 2020. GE will assist the government in achieving its goals by engaging in Pakistan’s energy, transportation and water sectors and will work to identify potential sources of funding and explore potential investment opportunities in those sectors.

source:
http://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/201...y-duty-9ha-gas-turbine-at-bhikki-power-plant/
 

MHAMZA

Minister (2k+ posts)
ISLAMABAD: Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif has postponed his visit to Bhikki near Sheikhupura today (Monday) where he had to inaugurate $540 million 1,156 MW power plant, the Prime Minister House announced in a statement on Sunday.

As part of its policy to eliminate loadshedding across the country in minimum possible time, the government is establishing 1,156MW Power Plant in Bhikki, Sheikhupura, at an overall cost of $540 million.

The project is being established despite the opposition’s campaign of character assassination of the government on account of power plants.

The inauguration is practical rejection of the campaign. The government sources maintain that the project is being established under the Power Policy 2015 of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif who is determined to weed out loadshedding in the minimum-possible time.

The Bhikki project would be starting production within 16 months which is being conceived as one of the world’s leading initiatives with most efficient machines and the lowest project cost.

The sources maintained that the per unit cost of electricity generated by the Bhikki plant is expected to be less than Rs9 per KWh due to its high performance parameters and low project cost resulting in a substantial savings of over Rs8 billion per year to the national exchequer.

The sources told The News on Sunday that the project was proceeding on a very fast track to meet its compressed completion timelines.

The Bhikki plant is scheduled to start simple cycle operations in February 2017 while the operations on combined cycle mode will commence from December 2017.

The project has achieved initial milestones that include obtaining the Letter of Intent from the federal government, determination of Upfront Tariff by Nepra and acquisition of land.

The Environmental Protection Agency has issued its NOC for the project confirming no environmental hazards emerging from the setting up of this project.

A load study has also been carried out and the NTDC has confirmed power evacuation from the project up to 1,400 megawatts. The company is in the process of finalising the concession documents including IA, PPA and GSA with the respective organizations /ministries which are expected to be inked soon.

The sources pointed out that the Bhikki Project shall use RLNG as its primary fuel and shall employ the highest efficiency machines to keep the cost of electricity to the end consumer at its bare minimum.

The EPC contract of the project has been awarded to M/s Harbin Electrical International Company of the People’s Republic of China at a total cost of US$539,260,000 which includes both Offshore and Onshore EPC costs.

The EPC contractor shall install the most efficient H-series gas turbines at the plant manufactured and guaranteed by the General Electric of USA. At present, no other power plant in the country claims to have so high thermal efficiency and such a low EPC cost.

The Long Term Service Agreement (LTSA) is being signed separately between the Project Company and General Electric USA to take care of the operations and maintenance of the gas turbines after the commissioning of the project.

The EPC contractor has already started engineering surveys and other preliminary works at the site. The SNGPL shall be the supplier of RLNG to the Bhikki Project under a Gas Supply Agreement (GSA) to the extent of 200 MMCFD.

The existing gas pipeline infrastructure which has the requisite capacity to transport the required quantity of gas from Karachi to Bhikki shall be used to supply RLNG to the Bhikki Power Plant.

The electricity produced from the project shall be sold under a power purchase agreement between the CPPA and Quaid-e-Azam Thermal Power (Pvt) Limited, a company established by the Punjab government to install and operate the project. Like those of other IPPs, the obligations of the CPPA shall also be covered by a sovereign guarantee of the Government of Pakistan.

Two major local banks, National Bank of Pakistan and Habib Bank Limited, shall be the lead arranger for the financing of the project which shall be on a debt:equity ratio of 75:25.

The debt financing of approx Rs65 billion shall be done through syndication while the lead banks shall also act as the underwriter for the entire loan amount. The 100% equity shall be contributed by the Punjab government.

It may be recalled that while Nepra has allowed an upfront rate of the RLNG electricity as Rs9.77/KWh based on LNG price of $10.83/MMBTU, the per unit cost of electricity generated by the Bhikki plant is expected to be less than Rs9 KWh due to its high performance parameters and low project cost resulting in a substantial savings of over Rs8 billion per year to the national exchequer.
 

MHAMZA

Minister (2k+ posts)
Please note fact and figures and then compare it at the time it gets ready for production..
I suspect that the figures given are unrealistic and cost over run will be much higher than Nandipur ... to start with this figure of 540Million USD for a new Combined Cycle Power Plant of 1156MW is unrealistic and might be for phase one only!!!
for 1156MW it is my estimation that at-least 1.25 Billion USD are required ...
 

FahadBhatti

Minister (2k+ posts)
Well though it's a big step by the government and definitely in the right direction , but pakistan needs to turn to coal as a fuel and stop wasting natural gas and other expensive fuels. Start investing in coal extraction and install coal powered steam turbines to generate electricity. When is the coal going to come into the game?
 

MHAMZA

Minister (2k+ posts)
Well though it's a big step by the government and definitely in the right direction , but pakistan needs to turn to coal as a fuel and stop wasting natural gas and other expensive fuels. Start investing in coal extraction and install coal powered steam turbines to generate electricity. When is the coal going to come into the game?

There are a few Coal Based Power Plant Projects also announced like Sahiwal Coal Power Project.
Danger is that both these are based upon imported LNG and Coal and cost will increase and inflate our import bill...
Instead they should have completed Hydro Electric Projects on war footing and setup Coal Based Power Projects in Thar Sindh !!
 

FahadBhatti

Minister (2k+ posts)
There are a few Coal Based Power Plant Projects also announced like Sahiwal Coal Power Project.
Danger is that both these are based upon imported LNG and Coal and cost will increase and inflate our import bill...
Instead they should have completed Hydro Electric Projects on war footing and setup Coal Based Power Projects in Thar Sindh !!

We don't need to import coal , announcement of coal power plans is immature at the moment. We need to be first able to extract enough coal on daily basis to meet the needs of coal powered plants. LNG is a step backwards , it will backfire on economy of pakistan.
 

MHAMZA

Minister (2k+ posts)
We don't need to import coal , announcement of coal power plans is immature at the moment. We need to be first able to extract enough coal on daily basis to meet the needs of coal powered plants. LNG is a step backwards , it will backfire on economy of pakistan.

Brother locally available coal is only suitable if Power Plants are situated close to the Coal Fields ...
Government is looking for fast but expensive solutions to our power crises and in turn provide ample opportunity to some people to make billions in Coal and LNG contracts at the cost of the rest of Pakistan ....
 

FahadBhatti

Minister (2k+ posts)
Brother locally available coal is only suitable if Power Plants are situated close to the Coal Fields ...
Government is looking for fast but expensive solutions to our power crises and in turn provide ample opportunity to some people to make billions in Coal and LNG contracts at the cost of the rest of Pakistan ....
Local coal is lignite coal and it can be trasported but a system has to be developed. Germany makes 26 percent electricty through the same ghatya level coal.
 
Sponsored Link

Featured Discussion Latest Blogs اردوخبریں